What causes a false positive pregnancy blood test?

In very rare cases, you can have a false-positive result. This means you’re not pregnant but the test says you are. You could have a false-positive result if you have blood or protein in your pee. Certain drugs, such as tranquilizers, anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and fertility drugs, could cause false-positive results.

Can a pregnancy blood test be wrong?

Women may get a negative test result on a urine or blood pregnancy test despite being pregnant. Although many factors can contribute to a false-negative pregnancy test, the hook effect occurs when the woman has a high concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), the pregnancy hormone.

What can cause a false-positive hCG blood test?

Most of these false-positive results are due to interference by non-human chorionic gonadotropin substances (especially human luteinizing hormone and anti-animal immunoglobulin antibodies) and the detection of pituitary human chorionic gonadotropin.

What causes hCG levels to rise if not pregnant?

An elevated β-hCG in the absence of viable pregnancy can occur for multiple reasons and has a broad differential diagnosis including miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, pituitary hCG production, trophoblastic disease and phantom hCG.

What can mess up a blood pregnancy test?

The high level of hCG hormone confuses the pregnancy tests. Fertility drugs and other medications with hCG can also raise levels of this hormone. This might mess up your pregnancy test results. On a very serious note, another cause of high levels of hCG is a molar pregnancy.

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Can you be pregnant and never test positive?

It is also rare that a pregnant woman would never register a positive urine pregnancy test. The most likely cause of a negative test when a pregnancy actually exists is that your body has not built up enough hCG yet.

Can anything affect hCG levels?

Home pregnancy tests work by detecting the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in a urine sample. There are a few things that can cause a false negative reading, namely the improper use of the test, testing too early, using an expired test, or diluting the urine by drinking too much water in advance.

Can a quantitative hCG test be wrong?

Is the hCG blood test always accurate? No test is 100 percent accurate every time. The hCG test can give both false-negative results and false-positive results for pregnancy. Your doctor will help you figure out your results or perform follow-up testing if there’s any doubt.

Can hCG levels be falsely high?

ABSTRACT: Clinically significant false-positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) test results are rare. However, some individuals have circulating factors in their serum (eg, heterophilic antibodies or nonactive forms of hCG) that interact with the hCG antibody and cause unusual or unexpected test results.

What is borderline pregnancy?

A borderline result is generated by some assays when the hCG level is between 5 and 25 mIU/mL. Samples reported as borderline are considered indeterminate, and clinicians should request a repeat test within 48 to 72 hours or obtain a quantitative serum hCG.

Can stress increase hCG levels?

In conclusion, stress-related hormones affect placental HCG secretion in vitro. The involvement of these factors in impairing early pregnancy development is suggested.

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Why would hCG levels be high?

High values



If you are pregnant, very high levels of hCG can mean a multiple pregnancy (such as twins or triplets). It can also mean a molar pregnancy or Down syndrome. You may also be further along in an early pregnancy than you thought, based on your last menstrual period.

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