Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight.
Is it safe to take magnesium while pregnant?
Overall, the findings from study 2 were consistent – it showed that magnesium supplementation during pregnancy is safe, and can help reduce the risk of pregnancy complications.
When should a pregnant woman take magnesium?
Magnesium sulfate, or mag for short, is used in pregnancy to prevent seizures due to worsening preeclampsia, to slow or stop preterm labor, and to prevent injuries to a preterm baby’s brain. Magnesium sulfate is given as an intravenous infusion or intramuscular injection in the hospital over 12 to 48 hours.
What are the benefits of taking magnesium while pregnant?
Magnesium and calcium work in combination: Magnesium relaxes muscles, while calcium stimulates muscles to contract. Research suggests that getting adequate magnesium during pregnancy can help prevent the uterus from contracting prematurely. Magnesium also helps build strong teeth and bones in your baby.
Why should you avoid magnesium in the last trimester?
Magnesium-containing antacids should be avoided during the last trimester of pregnancy because it could interfere with uterine contractions during labor.
What type of magnesium is best during pregnancy?
Magnesium Supplements: 125 – 300mg of magnesium glycinate or citrate at meals and before bed is the recommended supplement dose by doctors. More frequent consumption of smaller doses tends to support better absorption. Magnesium Drink: Nausea in the early stages of pregnancy can make swallowing supplements difficult.
How much magnesium can a pregnant woman take?
During pregnancy, the demand for magnesium increases. 350 mg/day is the recommended dietary intake (RDI) for pregnant women aged 19-30 years. The RDI for pregnant women aged 14-18 years is 400 mg/day and the RDI for pregnancy women aged 31-50 years is 360 mg/day.
Can magnesium cause birth defects?
Administration of magnesium sulfate injection to pregnant women longer than 5-7 days may lead to low calcium levels and bone problems in the developing baby or fetus, including thin bones, called osteopenia, and bone breaks, called fractures.
Does magnesium affect labor?
Conclusion: Continuing oral magnesium supplementation until delivery does not significantly prolong labor or increase the oxytocin requirement, but it significantly impairs breastfeeding competence.
Why is magnesium given during labor?
Doctors do not know exactly how magnesium sulfate inhibits contractions. The most common explanation is that magnesium lowers calcium levels in uterine muscle cells. Since calcium is necessary for muscle cells to contract, this is thought to relax the uterine muscle.
Can magnesium cause miscarriage?
Magnesium: Low magnesium is associated with increased risk of miscarriage; one study showed 100% of infertile women who normalized their magnesium and selenium levels went on to produce children. Low magnesium may also be associated with birth defects.
Does magnesium help with sleep pregnancy?
One promising option is magnesium, which has been shown to improve sleep quality, particularly in cases of restless-legs syndrome, and is safe in doses up to 360mg per day in pregnant women.
How does magnesium affect sleep?
Magnesium helps the body relax. This nutrient reduces stress and helps you sleep longer. In contrast, melatonin helps you get to sleep faster. Both magnesium and melatonin can be used to treat insomnia, sometimes even in combination.