Some antibiotics are known to be teratogenic and should be avoided entirely during pregnancy. These include streptomycin and kanamycin (which may cause hearing loss) and tetracycline (which can lead to weakening, hypoplasia, and discoloration of long bones and teeth).
What antibiotics are safe during first trimester?
Here’s a sampling of antibiotics generally considered safe during pregnancy:
- Penicillins, including amoxicillin (Amoxil, Larotid) and ampicillin.
- Cephalosporins, including cefaclor and cephalexin (Keflex)
- Clindamycin (Cleocin, Clinda-Derm, Clindagel)
What happens if you take antibiotics in early pregnancy?
Women who take a common antibiotic during pregnancy may be more likely to have babies with heart or genital birth defects, study says. Women who are prescribed certain antibiotics early in pregnancy are more likely to have babies with heart and genital birth defects, a new study found.
Which antibiotics are avoided or used with caution during pregnancy?
Antibiotics such as beta-lactams, vancomycin, nitrofurantoin, metronidazole, clindamycin, and fosfomycin are generally considered safe and effective in pregnancy. Fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines are generally avoided in pregnancy.
Is it OK to take amoxicillin in early pregnancy?
Amoxicillin is in the penicillin family of antibiotics. Some antibiotics are safe to take during pregnancy, while others are not. Amoxicillin is considered a pregnancy category B drug by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). That means it’s considered safe to take while pregnant.
Is metronidazole safe in 1st trimester of pregnancy?
Metronidazole is used to treat genitourinary infections and is one of the most commonly used drugs in pregnancy, but it is widely thought to be relatively contraindicated in the first trimester because of a possible increased risk for birth defects.
Does antibiotics affect baby during pregnancy?
The antibiotic is commonly used to treat bacterial infections such as sinusitis, pneumonia, and bronchitis, all which can be harmful to the baby if left untreated. The drug has undergone animal reproduction studies and appears to have no negative effect on the pregnancy, says.
Can antibiotics harm unborn baby?
Uterine infections – one use for antibiotics during pregnancy – can damage the placenta, contribute to premature labor and also lead to birth defects, for example. These infections can also make labor more difficult and dangerous for mothers and babies.
What are the safest antibiotics to prescribe to a woman who is pregnant?
But common antibiotics that are generally considered safe during pregnancy include penicillins (such as amoxicillin and ampicillin), cephalosporins (such as cephalexin), and erythromycin.
What is the best antibiotic for UTI in pregnancy?
Oral nitrofurantoin and cephalexin are good antibiotic choices for treatment in pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria and acute cystitis, but parenteral antibiotic therapy may be required in women with pyelonephritis.
How long should you wait to get pregnant after antibiotics?
If infection is documented in both the cervix and the uterine lining, however, especially with antisperm antibodies already detected, patients may have to wait six to ten months after antibiotic therapy before a pregnancy can be expected.