At 5.8 deaths per 1,000 live births, the United States ranks No. 33 out of 36 OECD countries (Figure 24).
Does the US have the highest infant mortality rate?
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births, 2017
The U.S. infant mortality rate (5.8 deaths under one year of age per 1,000 live births) is 71 percent higher than the comparable country average (3.4 deaths).
Why is the US infant mortality rate higher than other countries?
There are numerous theories as to why the IMR is higher in the U.S. than in other countries. There may be reporting differences for infants born near the threshold of viability, with the U.S. more likely to count them as live births while other countries are more likely to count them as miscarriages or stillbirths.
Why is SIDS so high in USA?
The two main reasons for the higher U.S. mortality were “congenital malformations, which patients cannot really do much about other than ensuring adequate screening during pregnancy, and high risk of sudden unexpected deaths in infancy, which should largely be preventable through appropriate sleeping arrangements,” …
Which country has the lowest SIDS rate?
The lowest rates ( 0.2 in 1000) were in Japan and the Netherlands. Since 2000, the SIDS rates in most of the countries have de- clined minimally.
Why is Japan’s infant mortality low?
Japan’s infant mortality rate in 1991 was four per 1,000, the lowest in the world. Contributing factors are the universal use of the Boshi Kenko Techo (maternal-child health handbook) and universal access to care. Most births occur to women aged 25-29 years and there are few unmarried mothers.
What is the leading cause of death in infants?
Some of the leading causes of infant death in the United States include the following: birth defects; prematurity/low birthweight; sudden infant death syndrome; maternal complications of pregnancy and respiratory distress syndrome.
What is the #1 risk factor for infant mortality in the US?
Causes of Infant Mortality in the United States
The most common causes of death in the United States in 2011 were the following: Birth defects. Preterm birth and low birth weight. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)