It’s normal for a baby’s head to grow a lot during the first year. But with congenital hydrocephalus, the head may grow faster than the normal rate for a baby’s height and weight. The condition may cause the soft spot (fontanelle) on your baby’s head to feel firm or bulge out.
When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?
If your baby’s head is measuring small or is not growing: Your baby’s doctor may be concerned about failure to thrive (when a child doesn’t take in enough calories or is unable to utilize them and doesn’t grow properly as a result).
How can you tell if your baby has hydrocephalus?
Symptoms of Pediatric Hydrocephalus
The most obvious sign of hydrocephalus in infants is a rapid increase in head circumference or an unusually large head size. Other symptoms may include seizures, vomiting, sleepiness, irritability, or eyes that constantly gaze downward.
How do you know if your baby’s head is growing too fast?
When there is a rapid increase in the size of a baby’s head or skull it may be hydrocephaly if one or more of the following symptoms are also seen: Bulging or tense fontanel or soft spot. Bulging eyes. Downward gaze or sunsetting eyes – eyes looking down.
Do babies heads grow faster?
Your baby’s head will grow at its fastest rate during the first 4 months after birth than at any other time. This increase is due to rapid brain growth. The average head circumference at birth is about 13.5 in.
Should I worry if my baby has a small head?
Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.
What are the chances of having a baby with hydrocephalus?
The mortality rate for infants is approximately 5 percent. Studies have shown that the risk of shunt failure in the infant’s first year is 30 percent.
How long do babies with hydrocephalus live?
The mortality rate for hydrocephalus and associated therapy ranges from 0 to 3%. This rate is highly dependent on the duration of follow-up care. The shunt event-free survival is approximately 70% at 12 months and is nearly half that at 10 years, post-operatively.
What is the most common cause of hydrocephalus in infants?
The most common cause of acquired hydrocephalus in infants is hemorrhage, most often as a consequence of prematurity. Other important causes include neoplasm and infection, usually bacterial meningitis.
Why does my baby have such a big head?
One of the most common reasons for macrocephaly is something that doctors call “benign familial macrocephaly.” In other words, big heads run in your family. A doctor might determine that a baby’s big head is inherited by measuring the heads of the parents.