Babies are diagnosed with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) if they appear to be smaller than expected. This would happen if an ultrasound indicates that the baby’s weight is below the 10th percentile for their gestational age (weeks of pregnancy). It’s also called fetal growth restriction (FGR).
What does it mean when abdominal circumference is small?
Source: Beinstock JL, et al. Small fetal abdominal circumference in the second trimester and subsequent low maternal plasma glucose after a glucose challenge test is associated with the delivery of a small for gestational age neonate.
What does it mean if a fetus is measuring small?
Some babies are small because their parents are small. But most babies who are small for gestational age have growth problems that happen during pregnancy. When the unborn baby does not get enough oxygen or nutrients during pregnancy, they don’t grow as much as normal. The condition is often suspected before birth.
What happens if baby is small at growth scan?
What does being small mean for my baby? If your baby is small but healthy, he or she is not at increased risk of complications. If your baby is growth restricted, there is an increased risk of stillbirth (the baby dying in the womb), serious illness and dying shortly after birth.
What is a normal abdominal circumference?
For your best health, your waist should be less than 40 inches around for men, and less than 35 inches for women. If it’s larger than that, you may want to talk with your doctor about what your next steps are, including losing weight. You can’t spot-reduce your waist, or any other part of your body.
Can you have a healthy baby with IUGR?
It’s important to know that IUGR only means slowed growing. These small babies aren’t mentally slow or retarded. Most small babies grow up to be healthy children and adults.
What are the symptoms that baby is not growing in womb?
But a baby with FGR may have certain signs after birth, such as:
- Low birth weight.
- Low blood sugar levels.
- Lower body temperature.
- High level of red blood cells.
- Trouble fighting infections.
What causes poor fetal growth?
The most common cause of IUGR is a problem before birth in the placenta (the tissue that carries oxygen, food, and blood to the baby). Birth defects and genetic disorders can also cause IUGR. A baby also may develop IUGR if the mother: Has an infection.
What are the causes of small for gestational age?
What causes SGA?
- Maternal factors: High blood pressure. Chronic kidney disease. …
- Factors involving the uterus and placenta: Decreased blood flow in the uterus and placenta. …
- Factors related to the developing baby (fetus): Multiple gestation (for example, twins or triplets)
How can I increase fetal growth?
Conclusions. An increased intake of fruits and vegetables or vitamin C at mid-pregnancy is associated with increased fetal growth and infant growth up to 6 months of age.