A baby with low birthweight may be at increased risk for complications. The baby’s tiny body is not as strong and he or she may have a harder time eating, gaining weight, and fighting infection. Because they have so little body fat, low birthweight babies often have difficulty staying warm in normal temperatures.
What happens if a baby is born underweight?
Some babies with low birthweight are healthy, even though they’re small. But having a low weight at birth can cause serious health problems for some babies. A baby who is very small at birth may have trouble eating, gaining weight and fighting off infections. Some may have long-term health problems, too.
How do you treat low birth weight babies?
Many times, care of a low birth weight or preterm baby includes spending time in the NICU, a temperature-controlled incubator, and special feeding through a stomach tube or IV line. Typically, low birthweight babies can catch up in growth if they have no other complications.
What is the outcome of low birth weight for most infants?
While the vast majority of low birth weight children have normal outcomes, as a group they generally have higher rates of subnormal growth, illnesses, and neurodevelopmental problems. These problems increase as the child’s birth weight decreases.
Is 2kg baby normal?
The most common reason why a baby is smaller than average — weighing less than 2.5kg at birth — is prematurity (being born before 37 weeks’ gestation). The earlier the baby is born, the smaller they are likely to be. This is because the baby will have had less time in the womb to grow.
Is a 5lb baby small?
If your baby weighs less than 2,500 grams (5 pounds, 8 ounces), they have a low birth weight. Babies weighing less than 1,500 grams (3 pounds, 5 ounces) at birth are considered very low birth weight. Babies who weigh less than 1,000 grams (2 pounds, 3 ounces) are extremely low birth weight.
Does stress cause low birth weight?
High levels of stress that continue for a long time may cause health problems, like high blood pressure and heart disease. During pregnancy, stress can increase the chances of having a premature baby (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy) or a low-birthweight baby (weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces).
What are the causes and consequences of low birth weight?
The primary cause of low birthweight is premature birth (being born before 37 weeks gestation). Being born early means a baby has less time in the mother’s uterus to grow and gain weight. Much of a baby’s weight is gained during the latter part of pregnancy.
How can I help my low birth weight baby gain weight?
How to Increase Baby Weight?
- Breastfeed the baby for healthy growth.
- Get regular development and growth checks.
- Keeping track of the baby’s weight gain and nutritional needs as it grows older.
- Follow the doctor’s advice on the immunization schedule.
What are the long term effects of low birth weight?
Cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness and other neuromotor dysfunction are potential risks of low birth weight. Though the mean IQ score of low birth weight children falls within the average range, there are higher rates of deficient and subnormal intelligence.
What are the complications of low birth weight?
What are the complications of very low birth weight?
- Low oxygen levels at birth.
- Trouble staying warm.
- Trouble feeding and gaining weight.
- Breathing problems because of immature lungs (respiratory distress syndrome)
- Nervous system problems, such as bleeding inside the brain or damage to the brain’s white matter.